Java puzzle 11: Operators

  Quizzes     Assignments     Puzzles     Easy exercises     Required knowledge  
< Java Puzzles   Green = Easy,  Blue = Normal,  Red = Hard
Select    01   02   03   04   05   06   07   08   09   10   11   12   13   14   15 
 16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   By title 
>

The combination of operators and conditional statements appear in almost every program. Every Java programmer should master all types
of conditional statements. Therefore, I focus to offer that in different ways in my puzzles and quizzes. Please, always check out the explanation of the answer if you have doubts.

Java puzzle 11: Operators and conditional statements

Level: Easy

What is the output of this program and why?

public class Operator
{
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
    int i = 2;
    int i2 = 4;
    int i3 = 7;
    if(i + i2 > i3 || i2 > i3 || i + i3 >= 9)
    {
      if(i2 == i + 2 && i2 < i)
      {
        System.out.print("x");
      }
      System.out.print("z");
    }
    else
    {
      System.out.print("y");
    }
  }
}
Author: Sar Maroof

Answer explanation

  1. The first if statement if(i + i2 > i3 || i2 > i3 || i + i3 >= 9) uses the conditional operator || (OR). By using || operator, the condition is true if one of the operands returns true.
    i + i2 > i3 returns false. i2 > i3 returns false. i + i3 >= 9 returns true. Therefore the if block is executed and the else block is ignored.
  2. By using the conditional operator && (AND) see the second statement if(i2 == i + 2 && i2 < i)  both operands must return true otherwise the block wouldn’t be executed.          i2 == i + 2 returns true.
    i2 < i returns false. Therefore the block is not executed and the letter x is not written to the standard output.
  3. The statement System.out.print(“z”); is inside the first conditional statement, which returns true. Therefore, the letter z is written to the standard output.





Sar Maroof is a professional software development teacher, gives master classes and publishes technical articles. He is also an expert software developer and worked for several big as well as small companies and later as a freelancer.

 Subscribe to Sar Maroof's RSS feeds!
 Mail this page to a friend!
 Bookmark this page!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *