Java puzzle 02: Conditional statements

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Here is the second simple Java puzzle

If this simple program is compiled and run, it writes the letter “c” to the standard output.
By adding one statement to the line 9, the program writes “ab” to the standard output.
What is that statement?

Java puzzle 2: Conditional statements

Level: Normal

public class MyClass
{
static int x = 4;
static int y = 7;
static int z = 6;

public static void main(String[] args)
{
if (x > y)
{
System.out.print("a");
if (z > y * x && y > 0)
{
System.out.print("b");
}
}
else
{
System.out.print("c");
}
}
}
Author: Sar Maroof

1. For the program to write the letter “a” to the standard output, the conditional statement if(x > y) must return true. We can do that either by incrementing the value of x or decrementing the value of y.  By incrementing the value of x, the second conditional statement if( z > y * x) will return false. Therefore, we better decrement the value of y.
2. If we decrement the value of y by 6, the conditional statement if(z > y * x) will return true, because z = 6 and y * x = 1 * 4 = 4 and that is smaller than 6.
3. If we decrement the value of y by 7 or more, the conditional statement if(y > 0) will return false. That is the reason that y should be greater than 0 otherwise the letter b wouldn’t be written to the standard output..

public class MyClass
{
static int x = 4;
static int y = 7;
static int z = 6;

public static void main(String[] args)
{
y -= 6; // or y = 1;
if (x > y)
{
System.out.print("a");
if (z > y * x && y > 0)
{
System.out.print("b");
}
}
else
{
System.out.print("c");
}
}
} Sar Maroof is a professional software development teacher, gives master classes and publishes technical articles. He is also an expert software developer and worked for several big as well as small companies and later as a freelancer.